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2019年全国英语等级考试二级阅读习题(15)

中华考试网   2019-01-05   【

2019年全国英语等级考试二级阅读习题(15)

  Smart home applications can share all kinds of helpful information with homeowners. There appears a new housing platform which can detect the stress on electricity — and the stress on the heart.

  “There is a growing population of elderly people, and there are statistics to show that more and more of them are going to live alone in the home,” said Johann Siau, a senior lecturer at the University of Hertfordshire in the U.K., who was leading the InterHome project.

  The system was originally designed to provide remote access (远程访问) to a house so owners could be more energy-efficient. In a small type of the system, set-in controller devices connect securely to the Internet. The owner can then monitor them with a cell phone or computer. User feedback helps the system adapt to routines, saving on electricity.

  While thinking about responding to user behavior and an increasingly elderly population, the researchers decided to add wristband (手腕带) technology that senses important organs of the body such as body temperature and pulse, Siau said. “If someone were to fall, it would detect the fall and it would immediately start the monitor of the pulse to see if the person has gone into shock (休克),” he said.

  The wristband communicates with the home system wirelessly. Data from the band can be securely transmitted to the home network and accessed by authorized users. “We’re working on trying to reduce it to a level where it could potentially be a wrist-sized product,” Siau said.

  But he warned that the technology presented new challenges. “When you start using that on a larger scale, you have issues of privacy or security,” he said. Siau said the InterHome home system isn’t intended to invade privacy. “We’re thinking about the elderly people who are living alone with no one looking after them,” he said. “Hopefully this will be able to decrease some concerns and possibly save a few lives.”

  小题1:The system was first designed for a house owner to .

  A.keep watch on his house

  B.keep his house safe

  C.monitor the elderly people inside

  D.save electricity

  小题2:The wristband technology is used in the system to .

  A.sense important organs of a person

  B.keep an old man from falling

  C.get the medical information of a sick person

  D.record a person’s daily activities

  小题3:The researchers are now trying to make the wristband .

  A.more sensitive

  B.be connected with the Internet

  C.available for common people

  D.suitable to wear on the wrist

  小题4:What challenges will the new technology bring according to Siau?

  A.The wristband can be large and expensive.

  B.The wristband will get false information of a person.

  C.It will not be used in the proper way.

  D.It will bring inconvenience to the old people.

  参考答案及解析

  小题1:D

  小题2:A

  小题3:D

  小题4:C

  试题分析: 文章介绍能够远程监视保护老年人的智能型房屋。

  小题1:D。细节理解题。从文章第三段第一句The system was originally designed to provide remote access to a house so owners could be more energy-efficient. 可知,这种智能型房屋最初是为了让人们能够远程控制自己的住所,达到节能的目的。故选D。

  小题2: A。细节理解题。从文章第四段the researchers decided to add wristband technology that senses important organs of the body such as body temperature and pulse可知,这种手腕带技术的主要用途是检测老年人的重要身体指标。故选A。

  小题3:D。细节理解题。从文章第五段We’re working on trying to reduce it to a level where it could potentially be a wrist-sized product可知,科研人员正努力使这种手腕带缩小到手表大小,能够戴在手腕上。故选D。

  小题4:C。推理判断题。从文章最后一段When you start using that on a larger scale, you have issues of privacy or security可知,这项技术如果运用不当,可能会侵害人们的隐私和安全。故选C。

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